Confidence that human activities are raising the heat at the Earth's surface has reached a "five-sigma" level, a statistical gauge meaning there is only a one-in-a-million chance that the signal would appear if there was no warming. Such a "gold standard" was applied in 2012, for instance, to confirm the discovery of the Higgs boson subatomic particle, a basic building block of the universe.
Devout Muslim inmate Domenique Ray challenged the State of Alabama's policy of only allowing a Christian Chaplain to be present during executions. On Wednesday, a federal appeals court granted a stay of execution, finding a strong likelihood that the prison had violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment by preferring one religion over another. But the next day, by a vote of 5-4, the U.S. Supreme Court allowed the execution to go forward. Ray's life ended Thursday night, by lethal injection. His imam watched from a separate room, The Associated Press reported. read more