"#4 So... you don't support open borders?"
There is a party that supports open borders. It isn't the Democratic Party, never has been. It is the Libertarian Party.
"Paul: If it were only border controls that had to do with people coming to work, I'm for as many people coming to work who want to. I'm for an expansive work visa program where we don't mind people coming to work. The problem is, as Milton Friedman described it, is that we have an enormous welfare apparatus. Not everybody comes to work. Some people come to receive. If 60 million people come here [perhaps he meant 600 million, the figure he stated earlier], it would overwhelm us."
He's full of s**t. I have a legal immigrant daughter in law, she had to agree to be ineligible for all public assistance in order to get the visa to immigrate. Which she did and now works full time legally because of her green card. But she still is eligible for no benefits of any kind from the government. When she needs annual check ups or other medical treatments she flies back to her native nation and receives the care.
"The major federal public benefits programs have always left some nonU.S. citizens out of eligibility for assistance from the programs. Since their inception, programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as the Food Stamp Program), nonemergency Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and its precursor, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), have been inaccessible to undocumented immigrants and people in the United States on temporary visas.
However, the 1996 federal welfare and immigration laws introduced an unprecedented new era of restrictionism. Prior to these laws' enactment, lawful permanent residents of the U.S. generally were eligible for assistance in a manner similar to U.S. citizens. After these laws' enactment, most lawfully residing immigrants were barred from receiving assistance under the major federal benefits programs for five years or longer. Even where eligibility for immigrants was preserved by the 1996 laws or restored by subsequent legislation, many immigrant families hesitate to enroll in critical health-care, job-training, nutrition, and cash-assistance programs due to fear and confusion caused by the laws' chilling effects. As a result, the participation of immigrants in public benefits programs decreased sharply after passage of the 1996 laws, causing severe hardship for many low-income families who lacked the support available to other low-income families."