Saturday, September 15, 2018
Forget the prophecies saying overpopulation will starve the planet. The human race is approaching the point where it's no longer reproducing enough to expand the global headcount. In the world's biggest economies -- the U.S., China, Japan and Germany -- it's already happening or will soon. Economists say these countries could see slower economic growth unless they increase their working-age populations by accepting immigrants, possibly from regions with higher fertility rates, like parts of Asia and Africa. Lower fertility rates -- the number of live births per woman -- could also threaten safety-net programs like pensions and health care.
What can governments do?
Immigration can help, but not all countries are willing to open their doors. Japan, historically wary of immigrants, under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe wants to allow more foreign workers for limited stays.
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