it's more of an adaptive challenge that is far more complicated to deal with but the arguments here over it between cons and libs are centered around the false notion that it's a technical problem when it clearly isn't.
What do you mean by an adaptive challenge? Are you implying that the people stuck in poverty can't /won't / don't know how to adapt to challenges in their lives? If so, what leads you to draw those conclusions? Does this failure to adapt to challenges also apply to children of those in poverty? If not, at what point do the children fail to adapt and what can be done about it?
I guess that conservatives would argue that the presence of handouts prevent those in poverty from adapting. I can see how some people would think this way; I don't. Examples abound to prove my point. There are way to many poor people working multiple jobs (when they can find them) to improve their condition. There are way to many people that have worked themselves out of poverty. While there are many things that can be done, I believe that the primary key to addressing poverty is JOBS, JOBS, JOBS.
But, if your world view is that the people in poverty are somehow "defective", there is no incentive to do the primary thing that would address it: provide those in poverty with jobs; jobs with a living wage that will lift them out of poverty. Jobs that will allow parents to spend more time with their children; time to help them do their homework and to ensure that they stay out of trouble.
Democrats are better at dealing with issues of poverty than republicans but democrats fall far, far short of what it takes to really address the problem. Jobs are the mother's milk of our economy; especially well paying jobs. Democrats, like republicans want those jobs for their districts; who wouldn't. The problem is that there are not enough votes to implement policies that would stimulate enough job creating investments in / near poor communities. Suburban democrats and republicans alike want those investments in their (suburban) communities so that their constituents benefit. Hence, sufficient job creating investments in / near poverty stricken communities don't happen.
The solution is for municipal, state and federal governments to start improving the infrastructure in / near poor communities. They need to start building civic centers, social service centers, satellite police stations, etc. in poverty stricken communities. Abandoned buildings and homes need to be torn down, etc. Hire residents from the nearby communities to do the work; they'll earn a living and eventually come off the dole. And, eventually, private investment will follow.