"What kinds of things are mathematical entities and theorems, that they are knowable in this way? Do they exist somewhere, a set of immaterial objects in the enchanted gardens of the Platonic world, waiting to be discovered? Or are they mere creations of the human mind?

This question has divided thinkers for centuries. It seems spooky to suggest that mathematical entities actually exist in and of themselves. But if math is only a product of the human imagination, how do we all end up agreeing on exactly the same math? Some might argue that mathematical entities are like chess pieces, elaborate fictions in a game invented by humans.

But unlike chess, mathematics is indispensable to scientific theories describing our universe. And yet there are many mathematical concepts -- from esoteric numerical systems to infinite-dimensional spaces -- that we don't currently find in the world around us. In what sense do they exist?

We don't know. But one fanciful possibility is that we live in a computer simulation based on the laws of mathematics -- not in what we commonly take to be the real world.

According to this theory, some highly advanced computer programmer of the future has devised this simulation, and we are unknowingly part of it. Thus when we discover a mathematical truth, we are simply discovering aspects of the code that the programmer used."

A future programmer having created a computer simulation, fanciful as that might be, does solve the conundrum described.... as would an ancient "programmer".

Mathematics, DNA, the BBT... all too elegant for happenstance out of chaos, which is why we get theories like this one about the universe being a computer simulation.

And why scientists were at first appalled by the BBT with it's near instantaneous existence out of nothing.